Virola elongata

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Virola elongata
File:Virola-theiodora-1860.jpg
Virola elongata 1860 Illustration
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Myristicaceae
Genus: Virola
Species: V. elongata
Binomial name
Virola elongata
Warb.[1]
Synonyms
  • Myristica cuspidata[2]
  • Myristica punctata[2]
  • Myristica membranacea[2]
  • Myristica uaupensis[2]
  • Palala punctata[2]
  • Palala uaupensis[2]
  • Palala cuspidata[2]
  • Palala membranacea[2]
  • Palala elongata[2]
  • Palala uaupensis[2]
  • Virola cuspidata uaupensis[2]
  • Virola cuspidata[2]
  • Virola theiodora Warb.[1]

Virola elongata (syn. Virola theiodora ) is a species of tree in the Myristicaceae family. The tree is native to Panama, Guyana, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia and Roraima), Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.[1][2] It is also found in Suriname.[2] Virola elongata is thin and 7.5 to 23m tall,[3] sometimes 30m tall.[2]

The trunk is about 43 cm in diameter, cylindrical and has smooth brown and gray bark.[3] The fruit is ellipsoidal to subglobular, 11–20 mm long, 10–15 mm in diameter and comes in groups of 40.[2] The tree is found in evergreen forests and in scrub up to 800 m in altitude.[2]

File:Virola elongata fruit.jpg
Virola elongata fruit
File:Virola elongata seeds.jpg
Virola elongata seeds

The Yanomami people use the bark sap as an entheogen, but also as an arrow poison.[4]

Virola elongata is active against Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus.[5]

References


      
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