Phalaris brachystachys

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Shortspike canarygrass
File:Phalaris brachystachys disseminule.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phalaris
Species: P. brachystachys
Binomial name
Phalaris brachystachys

Originally from the mediterranean region, Phalaris brachystachys is an annual grass with growth habits and cultural requirements similar to Phalaris aquatica. It grows most actively during the spring and fall, while resting during the heat of midsummer and the short cool days of winter. It also must be protected from heavy freezes.

Some Phalaris species contain gramine, which can cause brain damage, other organ damage, central nervous system damage and death in sheep.[2]

While at least one strain showed an extremely strong occurrence of N,N-DMT as the sole alkaloid, other strains indicated the presence of 5-MeO-DMT as well. Strongly positive human bioassays have been reported using some clones.[3]

See also


  1. "Phalaris brachystachys information from NPGS/GRIN". Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  2. "Toxicants of Plant Origin - Google Book Search". Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  3. Ayahuasca: alkaloids, plants & analogs

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