Panaeolus africanus

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Panaeolus africanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Panaeolus
Species: P. africanus
Binomial name
Panaeolus africanus
Panaeolus africanus
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
32px cap is convex
32px 32px

hymenium is adnexed

or adnate
32px stipe is bare
32px spore print is black
32px ecology is saprotrophic
32px edibility: unknown

Panaeolus africanus is a little brown mushroom that contains small amounts of the hallucinogen psilocybin. It has been found in central Africa and southern Sudan.


This is a little brown mushroom that grows on hippopotamus and elephant dung and has black spores. The cap is up to 2 cm in diameter, gray, conic, and often with scaly cracks. It is viscid when moist and the flesh is grey to white. The gills are grayish when young and turn black with a mottled appearance as the spores mature. The stem is 4 cm long by 5 mm thick, and is pruinose at the top. The spores are black, rather variable, 13 x 9 µm, and shaped like almonds. Macroscopically, this species resembles Panaeolus semiovatus var. phalaenarum.

See also


  • Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. 

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