|Sauvagesia erecta from southern Brazil|
The family Ochnaceae, or wild plane family, comprises mainly trees or shrubs, and more rarely herbaceous plants. Species of the Ochnaceae are found from subtropical to tropical regions. They are best represented in South America. The family has about 53 genera and 600 species.
Members of the Ochnaceae all have evergreen petiolate leaves, which are sometimes leathery (found at the genus Ochna). The leaves are most often simple and alternate, but can be racemose, paniculate or more rarely pinnate. Pinnate leaves are typical of Godoya.
These species are hermaphroditic.
- Subfamily Ochnoideae
- Tribe Elvasieae
- Tribe Lophireae (sometimes stands alone as family Lophiraceae)
- Tribe Ochneae
- Tribe Ourateeae
- Subfamily Luxemburgoideae
This subfamily is characterized by the presence of endosperm in the seed.
- Tribe Euthemideae
- Tribe Luxernburgieae
- Other genera
- Brackenridgea (also Pleuroridgea)
- Cespedesia (also Fournieria)
- Froesia (formerly recognized in the Quiinaceae)
- Indosinia (also Distephania or Indovethia)
- Lacunaria (formerly recognized in the Quiinaceae)
- Medusagyne (formerly recognized in the Medusagynaceae)
- Krukoviella (also Planchonella)
- Quiina (formerly recognized in the Quiinaceae)
- Touroulia (formerly recognized in the Quiinaceae)
- Tyleria (also Adenanthe)
This the following families are treated as synonyms of Ochnaceae:
- Euthemidaceae Van Tiegh.
- Lophiraceae Endl.
- Luxemburgiaceae Van Tiegh.
- Sauvagesiaceae Dum.
- Simabaceae Horan. (p.p.)
- Wallaceaceae Van Tiegh.
The following families are excluded from Ochnaceae:
- Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Ochnaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com
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