Acacia simplex

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Acacia simplex
File:Acacia simplex, leaves.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. simplex
Binomial name
Acacia simplex
(Sparrm.) Pedley[1]
Synonyms

Acacia simplex is a perennial climbing tree native to islands in the western part of the Pacific Ocean as far east as Savaiʻi. It is also found in Argentina. This tree grows up to 12 m in height.[2]

There is no common English name, but it is called tatakia in Fiji, tatagia in Samoa, tātāngia in Tonga and Martaoui in New-Caledonia

Uses

The tree is used as a toxin in fishing. It incapacitates the fish, but it is apparently not harmful to people.[3]

Phytochemicals

Bark

Leafy stems

  • N-methyltryptamine[4]
  • N,N-dimethyltryptamine[4]
  • 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-B-carboline[4]
  • N,N-formylmethyltryptamine[4]
  • Traces of another unidentified alkaloid[4]

Stem bark

Total alkaloids 3.6% of which 40% N-methyltryptamine, 22.5% N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 12.7% 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline.[4]

Twigs

Total alkaloids 0.11%, of which N-methyltryptamine 26.3%, 6.2% N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 5.8% 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahyrdo-β-carboline, 1.6% N,N-formylmethyltryptamine.[4]

Reference

  1. ILDIS LegumeWeb
  2. Australian and Extra-Australian Acacia
  3. FAO
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Phytochemical Studies of Acacia Simplicifolia (Acacia simplex)

See also


      
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