Acacia confusa

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Acacia confusa
File:Acacia confusa-01.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. confusa
Binomial name
Acacia confusa
Merr.
File:Acacia-confusa-range-map.png
Range of Acacia confusa
Synonyms

Acacia confusa is a perennial tree native to South-East Asia. Some common names for it are Acacia Petit Feuille, Small Philippine Acacia, Formosa Acacia (Taiwan Acacia) and Formosan Koa. It grows to a height of 15 m. The tree has become very common in many tropical Pacific areas, including Hawaii, where the species is considered invasive.[3]

Uses

Its uses include chemical products, environmental management and food and drink. The bark may be ground into a powder and saturated into water to create a tea, or may be spread onto various foods as a spice and taste enhancer. The wood has a density of about 0.75 g/cm³.[4] In Taiwan, its wood is used to make support beams for underground mines. The wood is also converted to charcoal for family use. The plant is used in traditional medicine[5] and is available from herbal medicine shops (草藥店) in Taiwan, but there has been no clinical study to support its effectiveness. It is also frequently used as a durable flooring material.

File:Starr 061224-2814 Acacia confusa.jpg
Acacia confusa leaves and pods
File:Acacia confusa seeds.jpg
Acacia confusa seeds

Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals found in Acacia confusa:

Root bark

Seeds

Stems

  • N-methyltryptamine, 0.04%[6]
  • N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 0.01%[6]

Phyllodes

No alkaloids are found in the phyllodes (leaf-like structures).[6][dubious ]

Varieties

See also

References

  1. World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Acacia richii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  2. International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS)
  3. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)
  4. FAO Appendix 1
  5. Li, Thomas S. C. Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values, CRC Press (2006), ISBN 0-8493-9249-7, p.2. online GoogleBooks preview
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Lycaeum

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