APPLETON'S

CYCLOPÆDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY

Edited by

James Grant Wilson

and

John Fiske

New York: D. Appleton and Company (1888)

LUDLOW, Fitz Hugh, author, b. in New York city, 11 Sept., 1836; d. in Geneva, Switzerland, 12 Sept., 1870. His father, Rev. Henry G. Ludlow, was a minister of the Presbyterian church for forty-five years. The son was graduated at Union in 1856. His literary life began the same year, when he published the "Apocalypse of Hasheesh" in "Putnam's Monthly." This was soon followed by the "Hasheesh Eater" (New York, 1857). From that time until 1861 his publications were chiefly stories contributed to magazines. While in college he wrote some of the best American student songs. He was an editor of "Vanity Fair" in 1858-'60, at the same time studied law under William Curtis Noyes, and supported himself by writing. He was admitted to the bar in 1859, but abandoned it for a purely literary career, was connected in 1860-'61 with the "New York World" and the "Commercial Advertiser," and for the latter wrote a series of letters from Florida, entitled "Due South," that greatly added to his reputation. He was for a time dramatic, art, and musical critic of the "Evening Post," and long a contributor to it, occupied a similar place on the "Home Journal" in 1862, and in 1863 made a journey across the plains to California and Oregon, the results of which appeared in a succession of articles, one of which, "Through Tickets to San Francisco, A Prophecy," projected a course for the Pacific railroad that was identical in its principal particulars with that which was finally adopted. Upon the establishment of the "Northern Lights" magazine in Boston, he became a contributor, and wrote for it his two most popular stories, "Little Briggs and I" and "Fleeing to Tarshish." He dramatized "Cinderella," and trained the amateur company of children that acted for it, for the benefit of the New York sanitary fair in 1864. His subsequent writings included a wide range of subjects, and in 1867 he published a magazine article called "What shall they do to be Saved?" which was a scientific statement of the nature of the opium-habit, a warning of its dangers, and suggestions for its treatment, which he enlarged and published in book-form, "The Opium-Habit" (New York, 1868). He went to Europe in June, 1870, for relief from pulmonary disease, but died in a few months. His numerous poems have not been collected. His "Hymn of Forbearance" was widely copied. His "Bessie's School" is included in "Whittier's Poems of Child Life," and that on Thomas Starr King in the memorial volume to that clergyman. His other works include "Little Brother, and Other Genre Pictures" (Boston, 1867), and "The Heart of the Continent" (New York and London, 1870).




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