Datura Items

Student cuts off penis and tongue after drinking hallucinogenic tea
Ananova - Story filed: 10:45 Tuesday 23rd September 2003

A student cut off his own penis and his tongue after drinking an infusion of the latest drugs craze to sweep Germany.

The 18-year-old, only named as Andreas W, from Halle in Germany drank a tea made with the hallucinogenic angels' trumpet plants.

His mother said: "Andreas was behaving normally the whole day until he left the house and disappeared into the garden for a couple of minutes."

When he returned to the house he was wearing a towel wrapped around him and was bleeding heavily from his mouth and between his legs.

The emergency doctor who arrived a few minutes later said the student had cut off his penis and his tongue with garden shears and it was impossible to reattach the organs.

Dr Andreas Marneros, from the local psychiatric hospital the student was admitted to, said: "Andreas will have to receive psychological help for years. Tea from Angels' Trumpets is extremely dangerous as the drug cannot be dosed."

Angels' Trumpets, known for their fragrant and trumpet shaped flowers, have increasingly become popular as an alternative drug in Germany.

Teen On Angel Trumpet Tea Dies In Custody

Family Accuses Police In Death; ME Says Trauma Didn't Kill Teen

POSTED: 6:26 PM EDT May 26, 2004
HIALEAH -- A teen, high on angel trumpet tea, died after being arrested Monday night, police said.

Osiel Santana, of Hialeah, reportedly made tea from the hallucinogenic plant. Police said Santana (pictured, left) became disoriented and sat in the middle of the street. When officers were called to Santana's home, they said he resisted arrest.

Santana's family and a witness said police threw Santana to the ground and beat him. Police said that officers used force to restrain Santana but that he also injured himself by banging his head against the inside of the cruiser.

Lee Marks, an attorney for the family, said that they want to know what happened after police picked Santana up, since "when he was put in the police car, he looked all right."

A medical examiner concluded Wednesday that Santana had not died from blunt trauma and likely died because of the drug.
Teen On Angel Trumpet Tea Dies In Custody
Wed May 26, 2004 6:29 PM ET

A teen, high on angel trumpet tea, died after being arrested Monday night, police said.

Osiel Santana, of Hialeah, reportedly made tea from the hallucinogenic plant. Police said Santana (pictured, left) became disoriented and sat in the middle of the street. When officers were called to Santana's home, they said he resisted arrest.

Santana's family and a witness said police threw Santana to the ground and beat him. Police said that officers used force to restrain Santana but that he also injured himself by banging his head against the inside of the cruiser.

Lee Marks, an attorney for the family, said that they want to know what happened after police picked Santana up, since "when he was put in the police car, he looked all right."

A medical examiner concluded Wednesday that Santana had not died from blunt trauma and likely died because of the drug.

Banning a brew
The Times Picayune - New Orleans
Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Some people who've experimented with angel's trumpet as a way to get high have learned the hard way that one of the tropical plant's other common names -- devil's weed -- is more apt.

When ingested, angel's trumpet can cause fever, blurred vision and urine retention. Three Kenner teenagers and two Destrehan teens were hospitalized after drinking angel's trumpet concoctions. In Florida, a youth died from its effects.

The plant's hallucinogenic properties are no less dangerous. One of the Kenner teens was poised to jump off a roof while under its influence; another tried to take a bite out of his arm. And in Germany, a young man seriously mutilated himself with garden shears while high on the substance.

It shouldn't be legal to manufacture, use or sell such a dangerous substance, and in Kenner and New Orleans, at least, it's now a misdemeanor. The Kenner City Council adopted an ordinance last month that makes it illegal to consume or sell concoctions containing the plant. The New Orleans City Council voted last week to ban the manufacture or sale of compounds made from the plant.

Neither ordinance bans the buying, selling or possession of the plant itself, and that's as it should be. The angel's trumpet has a legitimate use in landscaping, and it's hardly the only thing growing in people's gardens that could be dangerous if misused.

But people who turn this flowering plant into a drug should face consequences, and not only in New Orleans and Kenner. Officials in both places say that a state law is needed, and they're right.

This kind of dangerous trend would be better addressed by a statewide law than by piecemeal banning of the substance by local governments that may not learn about angel's trumpet until a tragedy happens in their backyard.

A state law that bans the use, manufacture and sale of angel's trumpet concoctions could keep it out of the hands of someone's son or daughter.

And it would ensure that those who seek to profit from this noxious brew will face appropriate punishment.


4 Teens Critical After Eating Toxic Weed
2 Students On Machines To Help Them Breathe
POSTED: 12:20 p.m. EDT September 28, 2003

LIMA, Ohio -- Four teenagers hospitalized after eating seeds from a toxic hallucinogenic weed should recover without permanent damage, a doctor said.

The four male Shawnee High School students, ages 17 and 18, remained in critical condition Sunday at St. Rita's Medical Center, a nursing supervisor said.

Two of them were on machines to help them breathe because they'd been sedated to prevent them from injuring themselves because of hallucinations caused by jimson weed, Dr. Eric Kirschner said.

"Their parent are very upset. I think the kids will do OK," he said.

They ate jimson weed seeds late Thursday night, said Shawnee Township police Chief Richard Kohli. The plant is poisonous but not illegal, he said.

The boys were hospitalized with fast heartbeats and impaired vision after their families noticed they were confused and started vomiting, Kirschner said.

One had eaten "dozens and dozens" of seeds, the plant's most toxic part, Kirschner said. People also smoke the plant's leaves.

All four should stop hallucinating within 24 to 48 hours from the time they ate the seeds, he said.

"There is no safe amount of this," Kirschner said.

Authorities were not sure where the teens found the poisonous plant, commonly found in farm fields and along roads. The nearly 4-foot-tall plant blooms with bad-smelling, trumpet-shaped white flowers every fall. Those are followed by seed pods shaped like chestnuts.

The hospital has never had a case of jimson weed poisoning, Kirschner said.

In 2002, there were 1,072 poisonings, including one death, from jimson weed and similar plants, reported the federal Centers for Disease Control.

In October through November 2002, 14 teenagers from the Cleveland-Akron area were poisoned by moonflower, a close relative of jimson weed, the CDC said. The report said they ate seeds or drank tea brewed from the seeds.

The four students in Lima apparently went to separate homes after eating the seeds, police said.

Authorities were alerted by separate 911 calls from two homes early Friday morning. Emergency crews found three students at those houses and learned of the fourth. Police were sent to that house, but the boy's father already was taking him to the hospital.

"We've been told that they're probably going to be OK, but it's a heck of a lesson to learn," Shawnee High School Principal Don Wade said.

Middle-Schooler Nearly Dies Getting High Off Seeds
Police Say Jimsonweed Seeds Are New Drug Of Choice
POSTED: 7:33 p.m. EST January 23, 2003

AKRON, Ohio -- A local middle school student recently came dangerously close to dying after getting high with his friends.

It wasn't crack or smack or any other illegal drug that nearly did him in.

NewsChannel5's Jonathan Costen reported that the drug is a seed that's easy to find and perfectly legal, but it can ruin your life.

Officials said a student at Erwine Middle School told a friend about a way to get high by using a plant called jimsonweed. It can be found virtually everywhere, like along the interstate or even in the back yard.

The seeds from the pod are hallucinogenic. "And one friend said, 'Gee, my mom and dad have some of those seeds down in their basement," said Detective Tom Hooper, of the Summit County Sheriff's Department. Hooper said that nine children swallowed the seeds, but most of them stopped because the seeds tasted bitter. He said that one boy kept taking the seeds to get high, and he swallowed about 200 seeds. "He finally started to see bricks move and see lights change, color (change) and things like this," Hooper said.

The student's blood pressure dropped dangerously low, and he was rushed to the hospital.

The incident has some parents concerned.

"My son goes to school here, and he knows not to take any drugs," parent Donna Beavers said. "It's disturbing, because I think they know better. If they know they're getting high, they know it's wrong, and that makes me nervous because I don't want my kids to try it.

"I'm not sure how to handle it, and I know I would never do anything like that," one student said.

But there are kids who will attempt to get high using jimsonweed. What frustrates officials is that the seeds are legal in Ohio because the Substance Control Act does not cover them.

Hooper wants legislators to change that.

"These seeds will kill people," he said. "Kids use these, and they will die."

Hooper said the seeds can cause hallucinations for days or send a person into a coma.

Only three states have outlawed the drug.

Homepage > Oklahoma City News
Teens In Hospital After Jimson Weed Overdose
Substance Made Illegal In Oklahoma In 2004

POSTED: 1:14 pm CDT August 25, 2009
UPDATED: 1:27 pm CDT August 25, 2009

EDMOND, Okla. --
Two Edmond teenagers are recovering after they tried to get high on jimson weed, police said.

Teens Overdose On Jimson Weed

Outlawed in Oklahoma five years ago, it was found growing in a front yard in Edmond.

The 14-year-old boys started acting violently after consuming the plant, police said. Officers responded three times to hospital personnel's reports that one of the boys was out of control.

"A person hallucinating can run into traffic, jump off buildings," said Oklahoma Poison Control Center director Lee McGoodwin.

It is estimated that the boys ate at least 100 seeds -- a potentially lethal dose, McGoodwin said.

One of the teens went missing at about 12:30 during the day and wasn't found until 8:30 p.m. Authorities said when he was found, he was semiconscious, hallucinating and extremely dehydrated.

"People need to know (jimson weed) is an illegal plant and a controlled substance," McGoodwin said.

The weed was outlawed in 2004 after several students became intoxicated from the plant in Mustang and Durant.

A recent study indicated that 63 Oklahomans have been hospitalized for jimson weed intoxication in the past six years.

Four teenagers are in critical condition after eating seeds of jimson weed
Friday, September 26, 2003 - Associated Press

(09-26) 13:57 PDT LIMA, Ohio (AP) --
Four high school students lay in critical condition Friday -- two of them on life-support -- after eating the seeds of a hallucinogenic weed, authorities said.

The students, ages 17 and 18, ate the jimson weed seeds late Thursday, said Shawnee Township police Chief Richard Kohli.

The weed can cause nausea, blurred vision and convulsions and send a person into a coma. It is commonly found on farms.

Teens Get Sick on Landscape Plantings
Fri Aug 22, 9:12 AM ET

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Fourteen Ohio teen-agers trying to get a free "high" off plants out of their gardens ended up in the emergency room, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (news - web sites) says.

The youngsters evidently thought they could get stoned by eating the seeds of a local plant called the moonflower but did not realize they were toxic, the CDC said.

"Plants with large fragrant flowers that bloom at dusk are referred to as moonflowers," the CDC said Thursday in its weekly report on death and illness.

There are several species, some of which are toxic, including Datura stramonium, commonly known as jimson weed.

The teen-agers in the Akron and Cleveland area ate the seeds of Datura inoxia, one of the toxic species.

"This may represent a new trend of substance abuse in this area," the CDC said.

The children, with an average age of 17, were all lucky in that they got medical help. They had dilated pupils, rapid pulse, hallucinations and an inability to urinate.

They were treated and their symptoms disappeared after 24 to 48 hours.

CDC: Don't Consume Moonflower Seeds
Thu Aug 21, 1:35 PM ET

ATLANTA - Some teens in Ohio got sick trying to get high from the seeds of a common garden plant known as a moonflower, federal health officials said Thursday.

The cluster of illnesses, which occurred last fall, may be a new form of substance abuse in the Akron-Cleveland area, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (news - web sites) said. The teens recovered after a day or two of medical care.

The cases seem to be the latest twist on finding new and natural ways to get high. Teens from Wisconsin and Vermont have been hospitalized after eating parts of the jimson weed. A 15-year-old in Hawaii was hospitalized in February 2002 after eating flower petals from the angel's trumpet, a poisonous plant found all over that state.

Although the night-blooming moonflower is not on the federal list of controlled substances, law enforcement officials in the Akron and Cleveland area prohibit the sale of its seedpods for illicit use.

Eating seeds from the plant, which resembles a giant-sized, white morning glory and known scientifically as datura inoxia, may cause hallucinations and toxic effects such as seizures and coma, according to the CDC.

"Adolescents and parents should be aware of the potential toxicity from recreational use of a plant," health officials said.

The case of 14 Ohio adolescents who became ill last October and November was recounted in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The report said the youngsters either ate seeds from the plant or drank tea brewed from the seeds.

Ventura County Star
Letters: Jimson tea
August 18, 2003

Bad judgment
Re: your Aug. 14 article, "Jimson weed tea sends three teens to hospital":

It may be that because it is unacceptable now to expose our youth in their school experience to such thoughts or concepts as "Thou shall not steal; thou shall not bear false witness; and thou shall not commit murder, etc.," and that there are few if any moral guidelines or training, except by the media and MTV, some of our next generation truly cannot think for themselves or are not able to exercise judgment as to their own behavior, or the possible results of their behavior.

-- W. Lee Truman, Camarillo

Horticulture lesson

The Santa Paula police need some lessons in horticulture. In your article, you mentioned that Santa Paula teens became ill after drinking "jimson weed" tea.

Santa Paula Police Chief Robert Gonzales is quoted as saying that the police subsequently "removed three 10- to 15-foot-tall trees (found growing in the neighborhood) that had some dangling jimson."

"Jimson weed" is one of the common names for Datura, a member of the potato (Solanaceae) family. D. Wrightii, commonly referred to as the Southwestern thorn apple, grows wild in most of the Southwest. It is usually found as a low-growing plant, with white, trumpet-shaped blooms, which invariably face up. (Some Datura, notably the striking purple/white Metel, are grown as ornamentals.) It has long been used in Native American religious rituals.

A separate and distinct member of the Solanaceae family is the "Angel's Trumpet," or Brugmansia. The various cultivars and hybrids of Brugmansia all and invariably produce blooms that hang down.

The Brugmansia is a highly regarded ornamental, cultivated around the world in home gardens. In Southern California, most Brugmansia can easily grow to between 10 and 15 feet tall. The plants are liberally covered with graceful downward-hanging trumpet-shaped blooms.

There is no legal restriction on the growing of either Datura or Brugmansia, and both are cultivated in private and public gardens around the world. If the Santa Paula police chopped down someone's laboriously grown Brugmansiae, there is probably a very unhappy Santa Paula gardener. For more information about Brugmansia and Datura, visit the Web site of the American Brugmansia Society at: www.americanbrugmansia-daturasociety.org/.

-- Jeri Jennings, Camarillo

Over 20 kids treated for moonflower poisoning
June 25 2003 at 10:18AM

The Karl Bremer hospital in Cape Town has treated over 20 children this year poisoned by drinking "black tea" made from the boiled juice of the "moonflower" plant, police said on Wednesday.

Police Inspector Erica Cooke said the summer blooming plant, botanical name Datura cornigera, was not indigenous but originated in South America and was highly toxic. The moonflower's active ingredients were hyoscyamine and scopolamine and a lethal dose would be measured only in milligrams.

Some symptoms of moonflower poisoning were dizziness, dilated pupils, impaired vision, rapid heartbeat, nausea and constipation. Seizures and convulsion could occur and in high doses circulatory failure was followed by coma and death.

Cooke said the symptoms presented for about two days after ingestion, but forensic tests showed the poison remained in the liver and stomach for up to two weeks.

Cooke said parents should be aware of the dangers of the moonflower, and anyone showing symptoms of poisoning must be taken to hospital immediately. - Sapa

4 Youths Poisoned by Jimson Weed Tea
Stacy Wong, Times Staff Writer
Los Angeles Times 14-May-93

ORANGE -- Three teen-agers lost consciousness and another suffered spasms Thursday morning after they tried to get high by drinking a tea made with jimson weed, a poisonous plant, police said.
The youths, ages 15 to 17, were taken to hospitals and are expected to recover. One remains in intensive care.
Poison control officials said several dozen Southern California teen-agers become ill each year after smoking, drinking or eating parts of the jimson weed, a member of the poisonous nightshade family. Although no fatalities have been recorded, ingesting the plant can cause seizures and severe nerve and muscle damage.
"We have not had any patients die from it, but the potential is there," said Kathy Karlheim, assistant director of the Regional Poison Center at UC Irvine Medical Center in Orange.
Helen Burke, whose 17-year-old son, Travis, is in intensive care after drinking the tea, warned other parents to get rid of the plant if it grows near their homes or if they see their children bring it home.
Burke said the four teen-agers apparently brewed a pot of the jimson weed tea at her house sometime after midnight.

Angel's Trumpet psychosis: A central nervous system anticholinergic syndrome.
American Journal of Psychiatry; 1977 Mar Vol 134(3) 312-314
Warns physicians that intoxication by Angel's Trumpet ( Datura sauveolens ) is becoming more frequent due to its use by adolescents and young adults as a legal, readily available hallucinogen. The case report is presented of 2 15-yr-old boys who were brought to a hospital by police after they were found wandering naked and delirious following ingestion of the plant. Ingestion of the flowers or a tea brewed from them results in an alkaloid-induced CNS anticholinergic syndrome characterized by symptoms such as fever, delirium, hallucinations, agitation, and persistent memory disturbances. Severe intoxication may cause flaccid paralysis, convulsions, and death. Treatment with iv physostigmine reverses the toxic effects of Angel's Trumpet.

Datura pair found in bush
The Press (New Zealand) - SATURDAY , 17 MAY 2003

Police say the "stupid" actions of two Christchurch youths who became lost in bush after taking a cocktail of alcohol and drugs could easily have cost their lives. The pair sparked a search and rescue in Hanmer Springs after running into nearby forest after boozing and taking datura - a hallucinogenic drug - about 10pm on Thursday. The second of the two missing 17-year-olds was found at 7pm last night after the search which began at 11am when the pair did not return to their companions at a holiday house in the town. He was "incoherent" when found but suffering only a minor foot injury and frostbite, Senior Constable Ian Price said. His mother had travelled to the search scene. The other youth, also 17, was found at noon yesterday wandering barefoot by a local farmer several kilometres from the Hanmer Springs village. This youth had discarded his shoes and "now has virtually no skin on the bottom of both his feet", Mr Price said. "He was mixed-up, possibly from hypothermia or whatever he was drinking," he said. Both youths were taken to Christchurch Hospital for treatment last night. Mr Price said he hoped people would learn from the incident. "(Datura) is not a common thing now, but I hope people can see just how dangerous it can be." Emergency personnel were at the beck and call of the public, "be their actions stupid or otherwise". "Although it is in the stupid bracket this time, we are happy to have located them fit and well." Mr Price said it was lucky that the Christchurch Search and Rescue squad was in Hanmer Springs on the way home from an exercise in Marlborough when the pair went missing. It was joined by a rescue helicopter and a police dog. Mr Price said police had not yet decided whether the two youths would face charges.

Drug youth recovering

One of the two Christchurch youths who got lost in bush after drinking and taking the drug datura remained in hospital last night while his feet healed. Police would not release the names of the pair of Christ's College Year 13 students who sparked a search and rescue operation near Hanmer Springs on Friday. The alarm was raised when the pair failed to return to a Hanmer holiday house from a nearby forest they entered at 10pm on Thursday after drinking and taking hallucinogenic datura. A farmer found the first youth at noon on Friday wandering barefoot several kilometres from Hanmer. He had discarded his shoes and was described as having virtually no skin left on the bottom of both feet. The second youth was found in an "incoherent" state at 7pm, suffering a minor foot injury and frostbite. Culverden Senior Constable Ian Price said police had not yet interviewed the two youths. "They were uninterviewable because of their mental state." He was not sure when they would be spoken to, but said there was no panic because police knew who they were. Christ's College deputy headmaster Richard Bromley said he had spoken to the families of the two senior students, and to one of the students. "They are obviously disappointed as we are that those boys made the wrong choice." The boys were not boarders, and were under the jurisdiction of their parents when the incident happened, Mr Bromley said. They were among hundreds of Christchurch students who had the day off school on Friday as teachers did National Certificate of Educational Achievement training

Missing teen found safe
May 16, 2003
Police have found a missing teenager who may have been disoriented after taking the hallucinogenic drug, datura. The 17-year-old went missing Thursday evening in bush near Hanmer in North Canterbury. Hanmer search coordinator Peter Summerfield says a police dog handler established voice contact with the teen and was able to get him out. "He looked a bit disorientated after a period of time all day in the bush but we're more than happy that he has been found and he is alive," Summerfield said. Another 17-year-old was found earlier on Friday and taken to hospital with frostbite. He has extensive injuries to his feet. He is in Christchurch Hospital and police say he is lucky to be alive after spending Thursday night wandering through the bush. They say the two 17-year-olds may have become disoriented after taking datura. They had been staying with a group at a friend's bach in Hanmer and were reported missing after leaving the area. Their car was found abandoned and stuck in the Hanmer River on Friday morning. Police say a second call alerted them to the fact that the missing teens had been taking datura, which Senior Constable Ian Price describes as very hallucinogenic. "What it does to the mind...is just beyond belief," says Price. Police say it was hard to get much sense from the boy who was found in the bush. "We've spoken with him in the local hospital. He's very disorganised in his thoughts," Price says. Datura is toxic and leads to delusions, blackouts and dehydration. Christchurch doctor Scott Pearson says there are no benefits to its use. Police say in the latest incident the Christchurch teens may have consumed as much as 300ml.

No charges for teens over datura
May 19, 2003
Two Christchurch teens who had to be rescued near Hanmer Springs last week won't face charges. The pair became lost in bush after taking a hallucinogenic drug derived from the plant datura. Police say the two 17 year olds didn't realise the consequences of their actions, and it is not illegal to use datura. The students went missing on a teachers-only day, and may yet face action from their school which is still investigating. One of the boys is back at school - the other remains in hospital.

Datura Poisoning from Hamburger -- Canada

On October 18, 1983, after a husband and wife ate a meal of hamburger prepared at home, the husband collapsed, and the wife telephoned for an ambulance to take him to a local hospital. When the ambulance arrived, the wife also became unconscious. Examination of the home showed no carbon monoxide source. Within 24 hours, the couple regained consciousness and explained the circumstances of their illness.

In preparing the hamburger, the wife added what she thought was seasoning but later realized was seeds of Angels' Trumpets (Datura suaveolens) that had been drying above the stove for planting the next year. After removing most of the seeds from the cooked meat, the husband and wife ate one hamburger patty each. Less than 1 hour later, both began to hallucinate. Other symptoms were tachycardia and severe diarrhea. Both recovered and were discharged after 3 days of hospitalization. Reported in Canada Diseases Weekly Report 1984;10:45.

Editorial Note
Editorial Note: There are several species of Datura, and all are poisonous, containing high levels (0.25%-0.7%) of anticholinergic alkaloids, such as atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine. Three species are widely distributed in North America, but only one, D. suaveolens, is cultivated as an ornamental flower. Poisoning through the accidental mixing of seeds into food has been previously but not recently reported (1). "Locoweed" teas made from other Datura species have been used intentionally to produce hallucinatory effects (2).

Typical findings in Datura poisoning include pupillary dilation, flushing, fever, amnesia, urinary retention, decreased salivation, and, in contrast to the cases reported here, decreased intestinal motility. In more severe poisoning, active hallucinations, extreme agitation, cardiac arrhythmias, convulsions, delirium, stupor, or coma may occur. Physostigmine, a reversible antiacetylcholinesterase agent, may be useful in treating patients with central and peripheral manifestations of anticholinergic crisis.

1. Riemann H, ed. Food-borne infections and intoxications. 1st ed. New York: Academic Press, 1969.
2. Goldfrank LR, ed. Toxicologic emergencies: a comprehensive handbook in problem solving. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1982.

San Jose Mercury News - 18, May, 2003
SARATOGA, Calif. (AP) - Saratoga police are investigating a woman's illness after she ate some candy given to her by college friends and had to be rushed to the hospital less than an hour later. Leanna Schuyler, 21, fell ill Wednesday after heating a handful of the candy during her algebra class at West Valley College, her mother said. Police are now looking at her illness as a possible poisoning case after jimson weed was found in her system. Jimson weed often grows along roadsides and is considered a hallucinogen. Schuyler fought off severe hallucinations after she arrived at the hospital Wednesday. "It felt horrible. Everything was spinning," Schuyler said. "I think they were just playing a prank on me. Little did they know it ended me up in the hospital." Saratoga police investigators are working to identify the students who gave Schuyler the candy, said officer Ernie Rodrigues. No suspects have been named and no arrests have been made.

Student poisoning still under investigation
Posted on Tue, May. 20, 2003 - By the Mercury News

Police on Monday continued to investigate last week's poisoning of a West Valley College student, who was given Pop Rocks candy laced with a hallucinogenic substance, authorities said.
The student, allegedly given a handful of the tainted candy by three other classmates, soon had a violent reaction, sending her to the hospital Wednesday afternoon, where she stayed for more than two days.
Police on Monday were still interviewing students. ``They have no suspects yet,'' said Ruth Carlson, spokeswoman for the community college district. ``But they're working very hard on it.''
Physicians suspect the candy was sprinkled with jimson weed, a hallucinogenic and sometimes toxic plant that grows wild along roadsides. The three students were reportedly also eating it.

Scopolamine intoxication as a model of transient global amnesia.
Brain Cogn. 1991 Mar; 15(2): 236-45
In Colombia (South America) during recent decades the administration of scopolamine, extracted from plants belonging to the Datura or Brugmansia genus, has become an important neurologic and toxicologic phenomenon. These extracts have been popularly known as 'Burundanga.' Chemical characteristics and clinical features of scopolamine intoxication are described. Anterograde amnesia and submissive behavior found in patients intoxicated with scopolamine are analyzed. Burundanga intoxication is related to other toxic phenomena found in different countries and similitudes with transient global amnesia are emphasized.

From: morgan_j@summer.chem.su.oz.au
Newsgroups: alt.psychoactives
Subject: Re: Datura Stramonium
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 1993 00:33:17 GMT
Organization: School of Chemistry, University of Sydney

The following was clipped from:
'The Sydney Morning Herald', 13/4/93
Brisbane: Chewing the leaves of the ornamental shrub known as Angel's Trumpet to get a cheap "high" was a dangerous pastime that could kill, authorities warned yesterday.
In the latest incident, four young Brisbane men were recovering in hospital after an Angel's Trumpet party on Saturday night that left them unconscious and in intensive care.
Professor John Pearn, a consultant to the Queensland Poisons Information Centre, said Angel's Trumpet - or datura - was extremely dangerous. Its toxins made the heart race until the person died of heart failure, he said.
The deputy director of Princess Alexandra Hospital's emergency department, Dr Peter Thomas, said the whole plant - roots, stems, leaves and pollen - were toxic. "People get a high but it affects the brain," he ssaid.
The became delirious, violent and aggressive before lapsing into a coma. Dr Thomas said the plant also caused stomach cramps, high temperatures, heart irregularities and disturbed vision.
"Its like playing with a loaded revolver", said Sergeant Neil Clowes of Wynnum Police, whose officers went to a local park on Saturday night after reports that men were "acting strangely".
Angel's Trumpet is a tall shrub with coarse foliage which owes its ornamental value to its white 20 cm long trumpet shaped flowers. In garden books it is listed as Datura arborea but has recently been reclassified as species Brugmansia.
One authoritative volume stresses that revision of the name be noted so the plant is not bought by mistake.
Ms Sue Hawkins, a director of the leading Brisbane nursery group Hawkins Garden Centres, said:"We don't stock it and I don't think any nursery in Brisbane would either because its dangerous properties are well known."
Sergeant Clowes said Saturday night's Angel's Trumpets party in Wynnum was the second in the bayside suburb in recent weeks.

Dragons of Eden
Dragons of Eden, p 201, p 203-204
p 201: Recent evidence indicates that such limbic hormones as ACTH and vasopressin can greatly improve the ability of animals to retain and recall memories. These and similar examples suggest, if not the ultimate perfectability of the brain, at least prospects for its substantial improvement - perhaps through altering the abundance or controlling the production of small brain proteins. ... pp 203-204: There is already a range of psychotropic and mood-altering drugs which are, to varying degrees, dangerous or benign (ethyl alcohol is the most widely used and one of the most dangerous), and which appear to act on specific areas of the R-complex, limbic system and neocortex. If present trends continue, even without the encouragement of governments people will pursue the home-laboratory synthesis of and self-experimentation with such drugs - an activity that represents a small further step in our knowledge of the brain, it's disorders and untapped potentials. ... There is reason to think that many alkaloids and other drugs which affect behavior work by being chemically similar to natural small brain proteins, of which the endorphins are one example. Many of these small proteins act on the limbic system and are concerned with our emotional states. It is now possible to manufacture small proteins made of any specified sequence of amino acids. Thus, the time may soon come when a great variety of molecules will be synthesized capable of inducing human emotional states, including extremely rare ones. For example, there is some evidence that atropine - one of the chief active ingredients of hemlock, foxglove, deadly nightshade and jimson weed - induces the illusion of flying; and indeed such plants seem to have been the the principal constituents of unguents self-administered to the genital mucosa by witches in the Middle Ages - who, rather than actually flying as they boasted, were in fact atropine-tripping. But a vivid hallucination of flying is an extremely specific sensation to be conveyed by a relatively simple molecule. Perhaps there are a range of small proteins that will be synthesized and which will produce emotional states of a sort never before experienced by human beings. This is one of many potential near-term developments in brain chemistry which hold great promise both for good and for evil, depending on the wisdom of those who conduct, control and apply this research.

Vine of the Soul
Plants of the Gods: Origins of hallucinogenic use; p 120
Ayahuasca has many native names: Caapi, Dapa, Mihi, Kahi, Natema, Pinde, Yaje. The drink, employed for prophecy, divination, sorcery, and medical purposes, is so deeply rooted in native mythology and philosophy that there can be no doubt of its great age as a part of aboriginal life. Two closely related species of the malpighiaceous genus Banisteriopsis - B. caapi and B. inebrians - are the most important plants used in preparing Ayahuasca. But other species are apparently used locally on occasion: B. quitensis; Mascagnia glandulifera, M. psilophylla var. antifebrilis; Tetrapteris methystica and T. mucronata. All of these plants are large forest lianas of the same family. Banisteriopsis caapi and B. inebrians are frequently cultivated in order to have a supply close at hand for use. Many plants of diverse families are often added to the basic drink to alter the intoxicating effects. The most commonly used admixtures are leaves of B. rusbyana and of the rubiaceous Psychotria carthaginensis or P. viridis. Other known psychoactive plants, such as Brugmansia suavolens, Brunfelsia chiricaspi, and B. grandiflora, may also be added. Among the many other plants employed are Tobacco; Malounetia tamaquarina and a species of Tabernaemontana of the Apocynaceae; the acanthaceous Teliostachya lanceolata var. crispa or Toe Negra; Calathea veitchiana of the Maranthaceae; the amaranthaceous Alternaria lehmannii and a species of Iresine; several ferns including Lygodium venustum and Lomariopsis japurensis; Phryglanthus eugenoides of the Mistletoe family; the mint Ocimium micranthum; a species of the sedge genus Cyperus; several cacti including species of Opuntia and Epiphylum; and a member of the genus Clusia of the Guttiferae.

In 1676, British soldiers were sent to stop the Rebellion of Bacon. Jamestown weed (Jimsonweed) was boiled for inclusion in a salad, which the soldiers readily ate. The hallucinogenic properties of jimsonweed took affect. As told by Robert Beverly in The History and Present State of Virginia (1705): The soldiers presented "a very pleasant comedy, for they turned natural fools upon it for several days: one would blow up a feather in the air; another would dart straws at it with much fury; and another, stark naked, was sitting up in a corner like a monkey, grinning and making mows at them; a fourth would fondly kiss and paw his companions, and sneer in their faces with a countenance more antic than any in a Dutch droll.

"In this frantic condition they were confined, lest they should, in their folly, destroy themselves - though it was observed that all their actions were full of innocence and good nature. Indeed they were not very cleanly; for they would have wallowed in their own excrements, if they had not been prevented. A thousand such simple tricks they played, and after 11 days returned themselves again, not remembering anything that had passed."