PERSINGER MA
Propensity to report paranormal experiences is correlated with temporal lobe signs.
Percept Mot Skills. 1984 Oct. 59(2). P 583-6.
Bivariate correlation analyses indicated that people who reported greater numbers of different types of paranormal experiences also reported greater numbers of temporal lobe signs. Whereas responses of one group (n = 108) of male and female university students gave a correlation of 0.60 between the two measures, for another group (n = 41) the correlation was 0.72. Partial correlation analyses, which involved holding the shared variance with affirmative responses to mundane psychological statements or odd sensations constant, did not alter the strength of the relationship. These results support the hypothesis that spontaneous paranormal experiences and the psychological components of complex partial (psychomotor) epilepsy may exist along the same continuum of temporal lobe sensitivity.

PERSINGER MA
Preadolescent religious experience enhances temporal lobe signs in normal young adults.
Percept Mot Skills. 1991 Apr. 72(2). P 453-4.
The hypothesis was verified that an ontogenetically earlier onset of temporal lobe transients, as defined by a preadolescent religious experience, facilitates more frequent and varied temporal lobe signs in adults. Data were collected for 868 male and female university students in psychology over a 10-year period; the 19% of students who reported this early experience displayed more frequent depersonalization, beliefs in psi phenomena, sensations of presence, sensitivity to odors, widened affect, childhood imaginary playmates, and left (writing) handedness. Early experiments were more likely to display confusion of boundaries between themselves, other people, and cosmic forces.

DE SANO CF; PERSINGER MA
Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXIX. Alterations in imaginings and suggestibility during brief magnetic field exposures.
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Jun. 64(3 Pt 1). P 968-70.
12 male and 12 female volunteers were evaluated for their suggestibility before and after an approximately 15-min. exposure to either sham, 1-Hz or 4-Hz magnetic fields that were applied across their mid-superior temporal lobes. During the field-application subjects were instructed to view a green light that was pulsating at the same frequency as the field and to imagine encountering an alien situation. Results were commensurate with the hypothesis that weak brain-frequency fields may influence certain aspects of imaginings and alter suggestibility.

HUOT B; MAKAREC K; PERSINGER MA
Temporal lobes signs and Jungian dimensions of personality.
Percept Mot Skills. 1989 Dec. 69(3 Pt 1). P 841-2.
Phenomenological experiences that suggest temporal lobe lability were correlated with Jungian personality (Myers-Briggs) indicators. People with frequent temporal lobe indicators were more intuitive than sensing and more perceiving than judging; in the more general population temporal lobe indicators were also weakly associated with feeling rather than thinking. Students who were actively engaged in a drama class also displayed more frequent temporal lobe signs than psychology students. The data are commensurate with the hypothesis that the relationship between belief in psi phenomena, psi experiences, and specific cognitive styles is derived from a temporal lobe lability factor.

ROSS J; PERSINGER MA
Positive correlations between temporal lobe signs and hypnosis induction profiles: a replication.
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Jun. 64(3 Pt 1). P 828-30.
48 university students were tested singly. Each student was first asked to complete an inventory that determined the frequency of temporal lobe signs. The subject was then taken into an acoustic chamber and evaluated on the hypnosis induction procedure (HIP) of Spiegel. Positive correlations obtained between the intensity of the sensations of floating and the total induction score and also the number of responses on clusters of items considered as temporal lobe signs. There were no significant correlations between scores on the hypnotic measures and responses for two control clusters of items or a lie scale. The results support the hypothesis that temporal lobe 'experiences' and hypnotic susceptibility may share a common factor. [??]

PERSINGER MA
Temporal lobe signs and personality characteristics.
Percept Mot Skills. 1988 Feb. 66(1). P 49-50.
Mature university students (14 men and 16 women) were asked to complete the 16 PF and a scale that samples temporal lobe signs in the normal population. People who reported frequent temporal lobe experiences were more emotionally unstable, impulsive, emotionally sensitive (imaginative inner self, actions based upon intuition and self-anxiety), and tense (free-floating anxiety). The results were compatible with personality characteristics of people who report 'temporal lobe experiences' and have been assessed by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and the California Personality Inventory.

DERR JS; PERSINGER MA
Geophysical variables and behavior: LIV. Zeitoun (Egypt) apparitions of the Virgin Mary as tectonic strain-induced luminosities.
Percept Mot Skills. 1989 Feb. 68(1). P 123-8.
Temporal analyses were completed between the occurrence of intense displays of exotic luminous phenomena over a church in Zeitoun (Egypt) during the years 1968 through 1969 and regional seismicity. These phenomena, viewed by thousands of onlookers, began one year before an unprecedented increase (factor of 10) in seismic activity about 400 km to the southeast. Monthly analyses also demonstrated a moderate (0.56) correlation between increases in seismicity and the occurrence of luminous phenomena during the same or previous month. These results were interpreted as further support for the hypothesis that most anomalous (terrain-related) luminous phenomena are generated by factors associated with tectonic strain. Refs: 14.

MAKAREC K; PERSINGER MA
Electroencephalographic correlates of temporal lobe signs and imaginings.
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Jun. 64(3 Pt 2). P 1124-6.
Significant correlations (0.50) were observed again between scores for the Wilson-Barber Inventory of Childhood Memories and Imagings and the numbers of experiences that are indicative of temporal lobe lability. In addition, positive correlations (0.42) occurred between temporal lobe EEG measures (scalp electrodes) and numbers of temporal lobe signs. The numbers of alpha seconds per minute from the occipital lobes were correlated (0.57) with the Wilson-Barber cluster that indicated interests in 'altered states'. Scores on the childhood imaginings section of the Wilson-Barber Inventory were correlated (0.44) with the numbers of spikes per minute over the temporal lobes when the eyes were closed.

PERSINGER MA
Subjective pseudocyesis (false pregnancy) and elevated temporal lobe signs: an implication.
Percept Mot Skills. 1991 Apr. 72(2). P 499-503.
Twenty-two percent of 106 undergraduate university women reported symptoms of pseudocyesis: cessation of menstruation, abdominal enlargement, morning sickness, and breast changes. These women also displayed significant elevations in temporal lobe signs with particular involvement of putative right hemispheric processes. Women prone to pseudocyesis displayed more memory blanks, nocturnal akinesia, awareness of abdominal sensations, and exotic beliefs such as alien intelligence; the phenomenon was 10 times more frequent in Roman Catholic women than in Protestant women.

PERSINGER MA
MMPI profiles of normal people who display frequent temporal-lobe signs.
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Jun. 64(3 Pt 2). P 1112-4.
Comparisons were made between personality (MMPI) profiles of 26 part-time university students who scored in the upper and 29 students who scored in the lower one-quarter of the range on a scale that measures temporal-lobe signs in the normal population. Compared to the reference group, the subjects who displayed more temporal-lobe signs showed statistically significant elevations above a T score of 70 on Schizophrenia and Hypomania. There were secondary elevations on Psychasthenia and frequency scales. Similar profiles whose high-point scores display greater amplitude are typical for patients with schizotypal disorders and for many patients who have long histories of temporal lobe epilepsy. These results support the existence of a continuum of temporal-lobe lability that extends into the normal [?...?]

PERSINGER MA
Geophysical variables and behavior: XXI. Geomagnetic variation as possible enhancement stimuli for UFO reports preceding earthtremors.
Percept Mot Skills. 1985 Feb. 60(1). P 37-8.
The contribution of geomagnetic variation to the occurrence of UFORs (reports of UFOs) within the New Madrid States during the 6-mo. increments before increases in the numbers of IV-V or less intensity earthquakes within the central USA was determined. Although statistically significant zero-order correlations existed between measures of earthquakes, UFORs and geomagnetic variability, the association between the latter two deteriorated markedly when their shared variance with earthquakes was held constant. These outcomes are compatible with the hypothesis that geomagnetic variability (or phenomena associated with it) may enhance UFORs but only if tectonic stress and strain are increasing within the region.

PERSINGER MA
Death anxiety as a semantic conditioned suppression paradigm.
Percept Mot Skills. 1985 Jun. 60(3). P 827-30.
Death anxiety and more severe forms of thanatophobia are encountered frequently in the clinical population. However, approaches that allow behavioral solutions to these experiences are conspicuously absent in the literature. From an operant perspective, death anxiety arises from repeated exposures to direct and implicit forms of the statement 'I will die'. It is the semantic equivalent of a conditioned suppression paradigm. Historically, the human organism has attempted to reduce the aversive consequences of this reinforcement schedule by extinguishing one of its three components. The 'solutions' characterize the fundamental philosophical and religious treatments of death anxiety. A behavioral semantics approach is proposed as suitable for dealing with death anxiety of a religious, educated young adults, particularly those dying of terminal diseases.

PERSINGER MA
Geophysical variables and behavior: XXVI. A response to Rutkowski's critique of the tectonic strain hypothesis for UFO phenomena.
Percept Mot Skills. 1985 Apr. 60(2). P 575-82.
The tectonic strain hypothesis for many reports of UFOs (UFORs), primarily odd luminosities and metallic-looking phenomena, has been criticized on the basis of inadequate data. This reply begins with the distinction between the empirical basis for the association between UFORs and seismic activity, the hypothesis, and laboratory experiments. It is emphasized that criticisms of data should be based upon empirical criteria rather than value judgments about scientific credibility. Multivariate and bivariate analyses have indicated systematic relationships between UFORs and earthquake measures within several different areas and for different historical periods. However, the physical mechanisms for the generation of individual UFO events and their relationship to UFORs require closer examination.

PERSINGER MA
Winter blahs and spring irritability: the chronic but subtle behavioral operations.
Percept Mot Skills. 1983 Oct. 57(2). P 496-8.
Operation analyses, for which behavioral and environmental events are translated into reinforcement schedules, indicate that winter depression and spring irritability reported by people living in northern climates are dominated by four paradigms. They are (1) a shift in the ratio of negative to positive stimuli, (2) stimulus redundancy and satiation, (3) coerced hypoactivity or attenuation of free operant behavior, and (4) conditioned suppression or anxiety due to the progressive escalation of negative stimulus presentations. The chronic effects of these schedules on the behaviors of people living in cold climate during the winter season are discussed.

PERSINGER MA
Canonical correlation of a temporal lobe signs scale with schizoid and hypomania scales in a normal population: men and women are similar but for different reasons.
Percept Mot Skills. 1991 Oct. 73(2). P 615-8.
The relationships between four relevant Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory variables and temporal lobe signs and symptoms were determined separately for 70 university men and 86 women. Canonical correlations were similar in magnitude (0.55 to 0.60) but indicated sex-specific construction of the roots. For men the significant variables were the schizoid and complex partial epileptic-like signs; for women the significant variables were hypomania and all three temporal lobe clusters: complex partial seizure experiences, interictal-like signs, and religious/psi phenomenology.

PERSINGER MA; MAKAREC K
Greater right hemisphericity is associated with lower self-esteem in adults.
Percept Mot Skills. 1991 Dec. 73(3 Pt 2). P 1244-6.
28 men and 32 women were given Vingiano's Hemisphericity Questionnaire and the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory. People who reported the greatest numbers of right hemispheric indicators displayed the lowest self-esteem; the correlations were moderately strong (r greater than 50) for both men and women. These results support the hypothesis that the sense of self is primarily a linguistic, left-hemispheric phenomenon and that a developmental history of frequent intrusion from right-hemispheric processes can infuse the self-concept with negative affect.

PERSINGER MA; RICHARDS P
Tobacyk's sex differences in the experiences of ego-alien intrusions.
Percept Mot Skills. 1991 Dec. 73(3 Pt 2). P 1151-6.
Tobacyk's Revised Paranormal Belief Scale and an inventory that infers temporal lobe signs were administered to 44 men and 54 women who were enrolled in first-year university courses. Women believed more in psi phenomena, witchcraft, and spiritualism than did men, who believed more in extraterrestrial life forms. Although complex partial epileptic-like signs were moderately (0.40) correlated with total beliefs for both sexes, these signs were dominated by experiences of ego-alien intrusions for women only. The results support the concept of greater interhemispheric coherence in women compared to men and emphasize the importance of limbic processes in the formation and maintenance of religious and paranormal beliefs.

RUTTAN LA; PERSINGER MA
Temporal lobe signs and enhanced pleasantness scores for words generated during spontaneous narratives.
Percept Mot Skills. 1989 Dec. 69(3 Pt 2). P 1101-2.
Temporal lobe function has been strongly implicated in the processes of semantic selection. Within this context, enhanced activity of deep mesiobasal structures is expected to influence the affective dimensions of language use. Quantitative measures of the evaluative (pleasantness) dimension but not the activity (arousal) dimension of words generated during narratives of subjective experiences within an exotic setting were significantly correlated with the numbers of temporal lobe signs.

SABOURIN L; PERSINGER MA
Specific temporal-lobe signs and enhanced delayed cross-modal matching performance.
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Feb. 64(1). P 309-10.
Structural damage to the amygdala severely retards delayed cross-modal (tactile-to-sight) matching in primates. Conversely, we hypothesized that people who display signs suggestive of specific temporal lobe lability should show enhanced delayed cross-modal matching performance. The hypothesis was supported. In a single experiment involving 25 subjects, significant negative correlations obtained between the numbers of errors on the cross-modal matching task and numbers of affirmative responses within clusters of items that contained themes of meaningfulness, religious beliefs or ictal, complex partial epileptic (limbic) states. On the other hand, the numbers of errors were not significantly correlated with either clusters of control items or items that are presumed to reflect the function of other temporal-lobe performance.

VON KIRCHENHEIM C; PERSINGER MA
Time distortion--a comparison of hypnotic induction and progressive relaxation procedures: a brief communication.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 1991 Apr. 39(2). P 63-6.
Hypnotic experiences are frequently associated with alteration in temporal perception. 24 male and 24 female Ss were asked to estimate the interval associated with hypnotic, relaxation, or control procedures. Only the group that received the hypnotic condition displayed significant distortions in time estimations. These were primarily underestimations (temporal constriction or 'time loss') compared to the more normal distributions of estimations for the other 2 groups of Ss. The hypnotic treatment explained about 35% of the variance in the absolute distortion of time estimates. The present study demonstrates that subjective distortions of time experience during a hypnotic procedure are more than an artifact of deep relaxation or instruction.


Peroutka, Stephen J
'Ecstasy': A human neurotoxin?
Archives of General Psychiatry; 1989 Feb Vol 46(2) 191
Presents informal observations collected from approximately 100 recreational users of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 'ecstasy') on intervals between doses, relative stability of good and bad effects, and whether MDMA is addictive.