Dark Alliance
San Jose Mercury News
Exposes CIA Complicity In Crack Epidemic

CARTOON SPECIAL! "How Ronald Regan Created Gangsta' Rap"
VILLAGE VOICE, October 8, 1996
WARNING: VERY LARGE FILE (but well worth the wait!)


RELATED STORIES:

DEA AGENT CONFIRMS
PRNewsire Sept. 23, 1996

CHARGES AGAINST CIA
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Sept. 23, 1996

CIA'S DRUG-DEALING ROLE
Cynthia Tucker
San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 21, 1996


CIA UNDER PREASURE
Christian Science Monitor, Sept. 21, 1996

CIA ON DEFENSIVE
Reuter, Sept. 18, 1996

CIA COKE RING FUELS ANGER
Knight Ridder, Sept. 13, 1996

BACKGROUND
CIA Drug Link Known For Years

THE POLITICS OF HEROIN
CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade

A 1991 interview with Alfred McCoy


POWDERBURNS: Cocaine, Contras And The Drug War
By Celerino Castillo III
and Dave Harmon (Review)


DEA'S FINEST DETAILS CORRUPTION
By John Veit (Shadow #35)

GUATEMALAN DEATH-SQUAD
Kingpin Linked To Cia, Drug Trade

By John Veit
(High Times, July, 1995)


Arm Yourself


BIBLIOGRAPHY


Online Drug Policy Library
Constitution of the United States
The Bill of Rights
Against the "War on Drugs"
A Dangerous Policy
Drug High
How Has the "War on Drugs" Failed?"
The Duplicity of the War on Drugs
Seizing Drugs, Seizing Property
Abolish the Drug Laws?
A Losing Battle
Marijuana, a Signal of Misunderstanding
Nicotine Is More Addictive Than Heroin
Addictive Properties of Nicotine
Marijuana and Immunity:
Health Aspects of Cannabis:
Legalize it NOW:
Introduction to the Hoover Resolution.
The Hover Resolution
The Heidelberg Declaration
Day One: America's 'crack' plague has roots in nicaragua war
Colombia-San Francisco Bay Area drug pipeline helped finance CIA-backed Contras Backers of CIA-led Nicaraguan rebels brought cocaine to poor L.A. neighborhoods in early '80s to help finance war -- and a plague was born. Published: Aug. 18, 1996
Day Two: Shadowy origins of 'crack' epidemic
Role of CIA-linked agents a well-protected secret until now How a smuggler, a bureaucrat and a driven ghetto teen-ager created the cocaine pipeline, and how crack was "born" in the San Francisco Bay Area in 1974. Published: Aug. 19, 1996
Day Three: War on drugs has unequal impact on black americans
Contra case illustrates the discrepancy: Nicaraguan goes free; L.A. dealer faces life The impact of the crack epidemic on the black community and why justice hasn't been for all. Published: Aug. 20, 1996


DEA AGENT CONFIRMS
PRNewsire Sept. 23, 1996
A former narcotics agent for the Drug Enforcement Administration said today that he could document evidence that his agency knew of the shipments of cocaine flown from Central America to the United States. Celerino Castillo III confirmed the charges of a three-part series published by the San Jose Mercury News written by Gary Webb, which said that during the 1980's the Central Intelligence Agency backed Contras who were involved in selling crack cocaine to L.A. street gangs to get money for their military.

CHARGES AGAINST CIA
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Sept. 23, 1996
Barry McCaffrey, director of the federal Office of Drug Control Policy, had good reasons to add his voice to those calling for a formal inquiry into drug-smuggling charges against the CIA.

CIA'S DRUG-DEALING ROLE
Cynthia Tucker San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 21, 1996
DRUGS? They want to talk about drugs in America? Before this sordid tale is finished with the telling, both Bob Dole, who injected rising drug use among adolescents into the presidential campaign, and Bill Clinton, who couldn't resist saying something back, may regret getting mired in the subject of illegal narcotics.

CIA UNDER PREASURE
Christian Science Monitor, Sept. 21, 1996
An expose by a California newspaper is raising questions about whether American intelligence officials in the 1980s permitted the "contra" rebels to sell drugs in US cities to help fund guerrilla warfare against the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. Mid- and late-1980s news reports and congressional investigations did in fact establish that certain people associated with the CIA-backed rebel group did engage in drug trafficking as a means to support the contras.

CIA ON DEFENSIVE
Reuter, Sept. 18, 1996
WASHINGTON (Reuter) - The CIA has been thrown on the defensive by charges that it helped flood U.S. ghettos with cocaine to finance rebels fighting Nicaragua"s Marxist government in the 1980s.

CIA COKE RING FUELS ANGER
Knight Ridder, Sept. 13, 1996
WASHINGTON -- A newspaper investigation that a CIA-supported drug ring introduced crack cocaine to Los Angeles is leading to calls for congressional hearings and a growing sense of outrage from African-Americans across the country



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