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Ethnobotany: The Evolution of a Discipline

Richard Evans Schultes & Siri Von Reis

Pages: 416
Avg. Price: $50.00 (used booksellers)
Publisher: Dioscorides Press
Pub Date: 1995
ISBN: 0931146283

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Table of Contents >
Contents , Foreword
PART 1: General Ethnobotany
The Scope and Aims of Ethnobotany in a Developing World - IANIS B. ALCORN
Ethnobotany: An Old Practice, A New Discipline - E. WADE DA VIS
Ethnobotanical Method and Fact: A Case Study - FRANK I. LIPP
Ethnobotany Today and in the Future - GHILLEAN T. PRANCE
Ethnobotany and Phytoanthropology - PRIYADARSAN SENSARMA AND ASHOKE K. GHOSH
PART 2 Socioethnobotany
New Paradigms for a New Ethnobotany: Reflections on the Case of Mexico - VICTOR MANUEL TOLEDO
PART 3: Historical Ethnobotany
Art and Artifact as Ethnobotanical Tools in the Ancient Near East with Emphasis on Psychoactive Plants - WILLIAM A. EMBODEN, IR.
"This Little Book of Herbs" : Psychoactive Plants as Therapeutic Agents in the Badianus Manuscript of 1552 - PETER T. FURST
Gods and Plants in the Classical World - CARL A. P. RUCK ,
PART 4: Ethnobotanical Conservation
The Importance of Ethnobotany for Tropical Forest Conservation - MARK I. PLOTKIN
Quantitative Ethnobotany and the Case for Conservation in Amazonia - G. T. PRANCE, W. BALEE, B. M. BOOM, ANDR. L. CARNEIRO
A Near and Distant Star - C. EARLE SMITH
PART 5: Ethnobotany in Education
Ethnobotany and the Liberal Arts - EDWARD P. ANDERSON
A Unique Visual Method of Sharing Ethnobotany with General Audiences - JUDITH GRACE SCHMIDT
PART 6: Ethnobotanical Contributions to General Botany, Crop Improvement, and Ecology
Ethnobotany and Plant Germ Plasm - MICHAEL J. BALICK
The Ethnobotany of Domesticated Plants - CHARLES B. HEISER
The Ethnobotany of Artificial Selection in Seed Plant Domestication - GARRISON WILKES
PART 7: Ethnobotany and Geography
Current Outlook for Ethnobotany in Colombia - EDUINO CARBONO
Ethnobotany in Africa - JOHN 0. KOKW ARO
The Importance of Ethnobotany in American Anthropology - WESTON LA BARRE
Ethnobotanical Resources of Hot, Arid Zones of India - J. K. MAHESHWARI
Geographic Dynamics and Ethnobotany - GEORGE R. MORGAN
A Case for Ethnobotany in'Malaysia - ONG HEAN CHOOI
Ethnobotany Today in Northwestern North America - NANCY J. TURNER
PART 8: Ethnopharmacology
Arrow Poisons and Their Role in the Development of Medicinal Agents - NORMAN G. BISSET
New Concepts in Medical and Dental Ethnobotany - MEMORY ELVIN-LEWIS AND WALTER H. LEWIS
Medicinal Chemistry's Debt to Ethnobotany - ALBERT HOFMANN
Historical Perspective and Future of Ethnopharmacology BO R. HOLMSTEDT
Ethnopharmacology-A Challenge - BO R. HOLMSTEDT AND JAN G. BRUHN
Amazonian Psychoactive Indoles: A Review - JAN-ERIK LINDGREN
Biodynamic Constituents in Ayahuasca Admixture Plants: An Uninvestigated Folk Pharmacopeia - DENNIS J. MCKENNA, L. E. LUNA, AND G. N. TOWERS
The Urgent Need for the Study of Medicinal Plants - PLUTARCO NARANJO
Considerations in the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Ritual Hallucinogenic Plants - PETER A. G. M. DE SMET
PART 9: Ethnomycology
Ethnomycology: Discoveries About Amanita muscaria Point to Fresh Perspectives - R. GORDON WASSON
PART 10: Archaeoethnobotany
Archaeology and Psychoactive Plants - PLUTARCO NARANJO
Archaeobotany: Scope and Significance - GORDON R. WILLEY

Index of Scientific Names


Description >
Mind Books -

Rich collection of 36 new essays by masters in the study of people and their plants, edited by father of the field. Sections on anthropology, medicine, psychology, religion, and other elements. Ethnopharmacology section with papers on hallucinogens and more by Albert Hofmann, Bo Holmstedt, Dennis McKenna, Gordon Wasson, and others. Scientific name index. 

Cover -

Ethnobotany has undergone a true evolution in the 20th century. Although plants have always been important to people, and the study of the knowledge and use of plants must go back to the beginnings of human existence, only in our century has ethnobotany evolved as a distinct branch of the natural sciences. Aristotle's research with plants early on elevated this field to formal study, but it was not until 1895 that the term ethnobotany was coined.

Ethnobotany: Evolution of a Discipline is a seminal volume, published on the 100th anniversary of this fascinating science, celebrating its recent evolution and providing a comprehensive summary of the history and current state of the field. It brings a broad and fully interdisciplinary approach to the study of human evaluation and use of plant materials in primitive or unlettered societies. The contributors of the thirty-six articles represent a broad spectrum of academic and scientific skill, as well as an international perspective. The editors are world-renowned ethnobotanists, and the range of carefully selected articles (most of them written specifically for this book) presents a truly global perspective on the theory and practice of today's ethnobotany.

Although rooted in antiquity, ethnobotany is a dynamic contemporary science with tremendous importance for the future. The diminishing rain forests may well hold unknown keys to conquering devastating new diseases, and peoples native to those regions can often lead the way with their herbal knowledge. Experimentation with as-yet-unstudied plants may provide new solutions to expand food and energy reserves for our overpopulated planet.

This volume offers important new material for those who work in fields of science devoted to plants, people, or both -- including anthropology, archaeology, botany, environmental conservation, ethnopharmacology, geography, history, medicine, psychology, religion, and sociology. It is fascinating information for the general lay reader as well. Considering the impact of plant use throughout history in the human social structures of economics, politics, religion, and science, this is a book that contributes immeasurably to our understanding of human history and the world today.

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