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Ayahuasca Analogues
Pangaean Entheogens

Jonathon Ott

Pages: 126
Avg. Price: $40.00 (used booksellers)
Publisher: Natural Products Co.
Pub Date: 1994
ISBN: 0961423455

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Table of Contents >
Exordium - The Amazonian Amrta and the Entheogenic Reformation
One: Natural History of Ayahuasca - Pan-Amazonian Entheogen
Two: Pharmacognosy of Ayahuasca Plants and Potions
Three: Ayahuasca analogues with Psychonautic Reports
Four: From Pan-Amazonian to Pan-Gaean Entheogen
Description >
Reviews the scientific literature on Ayahuasca in depth, discusses its human pharmacology, and describes its use of various plants containing beta-carbolines and tryptamines. Certain Amazonian species are traditional, but others will work. Ott reports on potions using many temperate-zone species. Well researched and presented.  (from Mind Books)
Reviews/Excerpts >

From the back cover:

Ayahuasca Analogues is the first book to explore in detail the human pharmacology of ayahausca, fabled jungle ambrosia.  After reviewing carefully the ethnobotanical, chemical and pharmacognostical literature on the Amazonian Amrta, Ott describes more than three dozen psychonautic experiments designed to elucidate the incredible pharmacology of ayahuasca potions, ingenious amalgamations of extracts of the ayahuasca liana, depicted above, (on back cover) which contain enzyme inhibitors, and extracts of leaves of other plants containing DMT (Like Psychotria viridis), a potent entheogen ordinarily inactive orally.  Ott boldly characterizes the discovery of ayahuasca potions by various groups of South American Indians as "one of the most sophisticated pharmacognotical discoveries of all antiquity."

There follows a review of the literature on the plants containing ayahuasca-type enzyme inhibitors, and on plants which contain DMT and related entheogenic tryptamines.  The resulting tables of more than 60 plants in each category document Ott's contention that there are at least four thousand possible combinations of plants which can yield entheogenic potions like ayahuasca.  These are the Ayahuasca Analogues of the book's title, and Ott's psychonautic experiments include several with such "analogues," as well as with pharmahuasca - the pure ayahuasca alkaloids in "ayahuasca capsules."  A thorough index, twenty-one footnotes, nine tables and a detailed bibliography of 418 sources make this a valuable reference book, as well as Ott's personal logbook of psychonautic "travels in the universe of the soul" with ayahuasca.

I hope the simple home technology described in this book will drive the last nail into the coffin of the evil and hypocritical, fifteen-hundred-and-ninety-eight-year-old crusade to eliminate this class of drugs from the face of the Earth.  May the Entheogenic Reformation prevail over the Pharmacratic Inquisition, leading to the spiritual rebirth of humankind at Our Lady Gaea's breasts, from which may ever copiously flow the amrta, the ambrosia, the ayahuasca of eternal life!  - From the Exordium


Excerpt from book:

The entheogenic drug psilocybine, isolated from Maria Sabina's mushrooms by Albert Hofmann, together with LSD, a semi-synthetic muchroomic entheogen discovered serendipitously by Hofmann 12 years before Wasson lifted the veil of the holy mystery in Mexico, went on to become key catalysts in an anachronistic international revival of archaic religion, which was destined to shake western society to its core. The resulting "countercultural" movement of the "Psychedelic Sixties" marked an unprecedented departure from business as usual, setting the stage for a modern Entheogenic Reformation, which promises to evoke more radical and far-reaching changes in western religion than did its predecessor. Indeed, Martin Luther's 95 theses of October 1517 packed far less punch than did Wasson's one thesis 440 years later -- for Wasson had peeled away the ossified accretion of many, many layers of symbol and dogma which enshrouded the core mystery in impenetrable obfuscation; had laid bare before the eyes of the astonished world, in all its dazzling quotidian humility, the holy sacrament itself, a sacrament which "carried its own conviction" and did not limp along encumbered by faith in an absurd Doctrine of Transubstantiation; a sacrament which obviated the necessity of faith itself, allowing every communicant to attest to "the miracle he has experienced." (page 9)

Furthermore, the last six decades have seen the growth of a remarkable syncretic Neo-Christian religion with ayahuasca as its sacrament. Following humble beginnings in the state of Acre in Brazilian Amazonia, these contemporary religious groups communing with Santo Daime or Cha Hoasca (as ayahuasca is known to them) have grown into major international religious movements with thousands of members. Far from being an aberration or anachronism, these churches, and the African Bwiti religion centered on the entheogenic sacrament eboka, rather represent the future of Christianity, stripped of its Doctrine of Transubstantiation by the Entheogenic Reformation, and with one or another genuine entheogens replacing the placebo sacrament! (page 11)

In 1985 the Brazilian Divisao de Medicamentos do Ministerio da Saude (or Dimed) and Conselho Federal de Entorpecentes (Confen) added Banisteriopsis caapi to the controlled substances list. The [Uniao do Vegetal] petitioned the government to annul the ban, and a commission was appointed to study the issue. After two years of field work among urban and rural UDV and Daime groups, during which ritual use of the sacrament was observed and commission members themselves tried it, the commission recommended overturning the ban! No evidence of social disruption was observed, and the ethical and laboral behavior of church members was exemplary. Accordingly, in 1987 ayahuasca was removed from the controlled substances list. A year later there occurred an anonymous denunciation of the ayahuasca churches to Confen in Rio de Janeiro. The preposterous complaint alleged there were 10 million "fanatics" of the sects, the bulk of whom were "toxicomaniacs of ex-guerillas" (we get a notion of the right-wing political origin of the complaint), given to smoking Cannabis and taking LSD during the rites. Confen once again appointed a commission to study the issue, and the ayahuasca churches again received a clean bill of health. Not only did the second commission reaffirm the 1987 decree legalizing sacramental ayahuasca in Brazil, but it recommended permanent exemption of ayahuasca from Brazilian controlled substances law.

This is the state of affairs today in Brazil, where ayahuasca churches continue to grow and prosper. In weekly mass, ayahuasca is dispensed in lieu of the Eucharist from a sort of "Fount of Wisdom," and in Santo Daime groups singing and dancing may follow. (page 79)

In the psychopharmacology of the entheogens, we have the means to reconcile the unseen, mystical worlds of the physicists and poets. For the entheogens consitute, as Albert Hofmann asserted, something like "cracks in the infinite realm of matter," and operate "at the borderline where mind and matter merge." They are to philosophy and pharmacology what the radioactive isotopes are to physics—cracks in the materialistic edifice of reality, where matter spontaneously transforms, or profoundly alters consciousness. (page 88). Far from taking the mystery out of religion, the restoration of genuine entheogenic sacraments puts the Mystery back into religion, obviating the necessity of faith in sophistical doctrines. the Entheogenic Reformation is our best hope for healing Our Lady Gaea, while fostering genuine religious revival for a new millennium. That revival is underway in the vast tent of this watery blue planet... Gi'me that Old Time Religion! (page 90)


CSP's Entheogen Chrestomathy entry for Ayahuasca Analogues

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